All the Cambodian objects in the Asia Society's collection were produced under the patronage of the Khmer empire, which inhabited and controlled parts of mainland Southeast Asia from the 6th century on. Historically, they are best known for the Angkor period, named after the capital that was established in the last quarter of the 9th century. It spans from about 802, when King Jayavarman II established the empire's foundations to about 1431, when the Thai people conquered the capital city of Angkor.
One of the most remarkable capitals in world history, Angkor is noted for the vast number of breathtaking monuments that were constructed in and around it from the 10th to the 13th century. These structures range from small temples dated to the earlier years of the Angkor period to the gigantic temple mountains of Baphuon and Angkor Wat, which date from the 11th and 12th centuries; most are profusely decorated with sculptures. Cambodian art is generally dated by reference to such monuments, giving names such as "Angkor Wat style" and "Baphuon style."