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Sculpture from the Kushan Period
Sculpture from North India, 5th-7th Centuries
Jain sculpture
Sculpture of the Pala Period
Stone Sculpture from Hindu Temples
Sculptures from South India, 8th-9th Centuries
Bronze Sculpture of the Chola Period
Art for the Mughal and Rajput Courts
Hindu Temple Hangings
Buddhist Painting from India, Nepal, and Tibet
Buddhist Painting from India, Nepal, and Tibet
Sculpture from Nepal
Sculpture from the Kushan Period
Two Bodhisattvas from Sri Lanka
Seated Woman
India, Tamil Nadu; Pandya period, 8th - 9th century
H. 67 in. (170.2 cm); W. 34 3/4 in. (88.3 cm)
Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection of Asian Art
The clothing, jewelry, and confident posture of this figure suggest that she might represent a queen. This identification is supported by the importance of women as patrons and the fairly early use of idealized portraits of rulers in the imagery of south Indian temples. However, it was unusual for women to wear the sacred thread, which drapes from the left shoulder across her torso, so it is also possible that this sculpture is a representation of a Hindu goddess. The position of the figure's right hand and the remnants of a stem and flower indicate that she was once holding a lotus, a gesture commonly used in representations of the goddess Parvati, Shiva's wife.
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