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Sculpture from the Kushan Period
Sculpture from North India, 5th-7th Centuries
Jain sculpture
Sculpture of the Pala Period
Stone Sculpture from Hindu Temples
Sculptures from South India, 8th-9th Centuries
Bronze Sculpture of the Chola Period
Art for the Mughal and Rajput Courts
Hindu Temple Hangings
Buddhist Painting from India, Nepal, and Tibet
Buddhist Painting from India, Nepal, and Tibet
Sculpture from Nepal
Sculpture from the Kushan Period
Two Bodhisattvas from Sri Lanka
Pakistan, Gandhara area; Kushan period (late 1st - 3rd century C.E.), late 2nd - early 3rd century C.E.
H. 72 in. (182.9 cm)
Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection of Asian Art
Incorporating stylistic elements of Greek and Roman sculpture, this large, standing Buddha typifies the art of Gandhara. The Buddha wears the traditional garments of an Indian monk, a long cloth wrapped around the waist and another long shawl draped over the shoulders. Western prototypes are evident in the representation of the garment, which resembles a toga, as well as in the treatment of the Buddha's facial features and wavy hair. Indian traditions are visible in the superhuman physical marks (lakshanas) that convey the advanced spiritual state of the Buddha. These include the bump on top of the Buddha's head (ushnisha) and the small circle between his eyebrows (urna). The statue's right hand, now broken off, was most likely raised with the palm facing outwards, the gesture of reassurance (abhaya mudra).
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