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Sculpture from the Kushan Period
Sculpture from North India, 5th-7th Centuries
Jain sculpture
Sculpture of the Pala Period
Stone Sculpture from Hindu Temples
Sculptures from South India, 8th-9th Centuries
Bronze Sculpture of the Chola Period
Art for the Mughal and Rajput Courts
Hindu Temple Hangings
Buddhist Painting from India, Nepal, and Tibet
Buddhist Painting from India, Nepal, and Tibet
Sculpture from Nepal
Sculpture from the Kushan Period
Two Bodhisattvas from Sri Lanka
A Carved Rectangular Sandstone Screen
India, Mughal; 17th century
Gift of Arthur Ross
Architecture in India makes frequent use of elaborate stone carving, whether done for Buddhist, Jain, Hindu, or Muslim patrons. Red sandstone, used here, was one of the most popular materials in the region of Mathura, south of New Delhi. Stonework requires a great degree of skill, and was reserved for the most visible areas of a structure. Pieces like this one would have been used as decoration set in the rough stone masonry of a building. The motifs of flowers and overflowing vases can be found in contemporary Indian examples and in the Persian art of the Mughals' Timurid ancestors. It was common for Mughal rulers to send funds to Samarqand (located in present-day Uzbekistan) for the upkeep of shrines associated with their dynastic heritage. Locally, the carvings of the throne area of the Diwan-i Amm (Hall of Public Audience) at the Red Fort in Old Delhi follow a similar composition. Completed in 1648 under the rule of Shah Jahan, the Red Fort (also known as the Lal Qal'ah) contains many red sandstone walls and architectural elements with carvings of elaborate floral forms.
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